On March 16, Kofi Annan presented to the UN Security Council (see below) a six-point peace plan essentially calling on the Syrian government to “address the legitimate aspirations and concerns of the Syrian people” to stop the fighting, withdraw military concentrations from the cities, while calling for similar commitments from the Syrian opposition and other “elements.”  On March 24, 2012, Kofi Annan flew to Moscow to ensure Russia`s support for his plan.  Humanitarian conditions in Gori until August 16 were deemed “desperate” by the United Nations. Human Rights Watch (HRW) said that following the Russian takeover of Georgian territories, Georgians from Gori and neighboring villages reported that militias in South Ossetia looted and attacked Georgian property and abducted civilians.  South Osetia troops occupied Akhalgori on August 17, and one fighter declared that he “will be part of an independent country within the Russian Federation.” New checkpoints were erected by Russian forces on the Tbilisi-Gori road. The Guardian commented that Moscow`s obvious plan to restore Greater South Ossetia would bear fruit.  On August 18, the Times reported from Gori that Russian troops reportedly told Georgian civilians fleeing South Ossetia, “Putin gave us the order that everyone be shot, be forced to leave.”  On February 23, 2012, on the eve of an international conference of friends of Syria organized by the Arab League in Tunisia, the UN and the Arab League appointed Kofi Annan as their envoy to Syria.  70 nations were present at the conference, Russia and China were not part of it; Syria called the nations present “historical enemies of the Arabs.”  Miliband welcomed the signing of Medvedev`s peace plan and said the priority was to ensure that the commitments made in the agreement are “swiftly and fully implemented.” Sources such as Al Jazeera and Reuters reported that on March 27, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad had accepted the six-point peace plan and would work to implement it.  The New York Times and others reported that the Syrian government promised on April 2 to withdraw its security forces and heavy weapons from major population centers and complete the withdrawal on April 10.   However, Syrian opponents reported heavy Syrian army fire in the cities of Hama and Homs on April 3.
 The BBC reported rocket fire in Homs on April 4.  The Russians had refused to withdraw their troops to Georgia until Georgian President Mime Saakashvili signed the six-point ceasefire plan organized by French President Nicolas Sarkozy earlier this week, even though they had refused to sign it themselves. The war in Georgia showed Russia`s strength in revising international relations and undermining US hegemony. Shortly after the war, Russian President Medvedev revealed a five-point Russian foreign policy. According to the Medvedev Doctrine, “the protection of the life and dignity of our citizens, wherever they are, is an indisputable priority for our country.” . . .