Colombia`s government and left-wing farcical rebels have signed a revised peace deal to end more than 50 years of conflict, despite persistent objections from many who rejected the original deal in a referendum in October. Colombians, however, are not convinced. According to a recent Gallup poll, 57% believe that this government will not meet its peace process commitments. “We are seeing a lack of commitment on the part of the government to reorganize areas formerly controlled by the FARC,” said Juanita Goebertus, a congressman with the Green Alliance party. “These areas are becoming very unstable now.” A public and institutional outcry forced a reluctant Duque to sign the Special Court of the Peace Agreement, which will deal with the conviction of former rebels. And after the New York Times and local media reported on the military`s plans to measure success in terms of the number of homicides killed, the Duque administration promised to review its strategies. Emilio Archila, a government adviser, said many of the agreement`s biggest development promises – such as the supply of water and electricity – would take more than a decade, given the damage to the landscape caused by the conflict. “Those who think they can solve these problems in two years don`t understand the magnitude of the problem,” he said. “This is the final,” said President Juan Manuel Santos, this year`s Nobel Peace Prize laureate after signing the agreement on Thursday with Farc leader Rodrigo Londoo, known as Tymoshenko. The agreement lost momentum when it was the subject of a national referendum the same year and became a political instrument of manipulation.
Political irresponsibility has given Colombians hope of ending one of the region`s longest and bloodiest conflicts, which has claimed some 262,197 lives, according to the Colombian Center for Historical Memory. Two weeks after the National Summit, an agreement on political participation was reached in Havana, with both sides officially acknowledging the important role women played in conflict prevention, conflict resolution and peace-building.