A SOFA should clarify the conditions under which the foreign army can operate. As a rule, purely military and operational matters, such as the location of bases and access to facilities, are covered by separate agreements. A SOFA focuses more on legal issues related to military persons and property. This may include issues such as entry and exit into the country, tax obligations, postal services or the conditions of employment of nationals of the host country, but the most controversial issues are civil and criminal justice on bases and personnel. For civil cases, SOFAs provide for how civilian damages caused by the armed forces are identified and paid. Criminal problems vary, but the typical provision in U.S. SOFAs is that U.S. courts have jurisdiction over crimes committed either by a soldier against another soldier or by a soldier as part of his or her military duty, but the host country retains jurisdiction over other crimes.  An agreement on visiting forces is similar to an agreement on the status of troops, except that the former only temporarily covers troops not stationed there. The political issue of SOFAs is complicated by the fact that many host countries have mixed feelings about foreign bases on their soil, and calls to renegotiate SOFA are often combined with calls for foreign troops to withdraw completely. Issues of different national practices may arise – while the United States and host countries generally agree on what a crime is, many U.S.
observers believe that the host country`s justice systems provide defendants with much weaker protection than the United States. and that the courts of the host country may be subject to pressure from the population to pronounce a guilty verdict; In addition, U.S. soldiers who have been sent abroad should not be forced to give up the rights conferred on them by the Bill of Rights. On the other hand, observers from the host country, who have no local equivalent to the Bill of Rights, often believe that it is an unequivocal excuse to demand special treatment and that they resemble the extraterritorial agreements demanded by Western countries during colonialism. A host country where such a mindset is prevalent, South Korea, itself has strength in Kyrgyzstan and has negotiated a SOFA that grants its soldiers full immunity from prosecution by Kyrgyz authorities for any crime, far beyond the privileges that many South Koreans have challenged in their country`s SOFA with the United States.  A Status of Armed Forces Agreement (SOFA) is an agreement between a host country and a foreign nation that deploys armed forces in that country. SOFAs are often part of a comprehensive security agreement with other types of military agreements. A SOFA is not a safety device; it establishes the rights and privileges of foreign personnel who set up in a host country to support the strengthening of security measures.  Under international law, a status-of-force agreement differs from military occupation.
Neither provision deals with the negotiation of an amendment to the lease agreements for Guantánamo Bay. If the executive negotiated a treaty amendment and the Senate gave its opinion and approval, the resulting contract could be interpreted to repeal Section 1036 under the “Last in Time” rule. If such an amendment were made as an executive agreement (i.e., without the participation of the Senate), such a suspension would be less likely, unless the agreement is considered an “executive agreement under a previous treaty.” 53 Cf. z.B. Raúl Castro calls for the United States to return the Guantánamo base to Cuba, The Guardian, 28 January 2015, available online at www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jan/28/raul-castro-return-guantanamo-cuba-us. . . .